Key Inclusion Criteria:
Signed informed consent must be obtained prior to participation in the study.
Patients must be ≥ 18 years of age at the time of signing the informed consent form (ICF).
Patients must have a diagnosis prior to participation in the study of IPSS-R very low, low, or intermediate risk MDS with ≤10% bone marrow blasts and one or more of the following:
Symptomatic anemia with hemoglobin <10 g/dL that has relapsed after or is refractory to ESAs (or the patient is intolerant to ESAs)
Symptomatic anemia with hemoglobin <10 g/dL) that is ESA-naive with EPO level ≥ 500 /uL
Thrombocytopenia with platelets <30,000/uL or with clinically significant bleeding or bruising and platelets <50,000/uL
Neutropenia with an absolute neutrophil count (ANC) <500/ µL or with recurrent and/or severe infections and an ANC that is <1000/ µL and amenable to response assessments by International Working Group (IWG) response criteria in myelodysplasia (Cheson et al 2006)
Patients who are refractory to, intolerant of, or ineligible/unable to receive SOC therapeutic options including lenalidomide
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) ≤2
Patient must be a candidate for serial bone marrow aspirate and/or biopsy according to the institutions' guidelines and be willing to undergo a bone marrow aspirate and/or biopsy at screening, during and at the end of therapy on this study -
Key Exclusion Criteria:
Systemic antineoplastic therapy (including cytotoxic chemotherapy, alpha-interferon, kinase inhibitors or other targeted small molecules, and toxin-immunoconjugates) or any experimental therapy within 14 days or 5 half-lives, whichever is longer, before the first dose of study treatment.
History of hypersensitivity to any of the study treatments or its excipients or to drugs of similar chemical classes.
Patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) or myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms (MDS/MPN)
Use of hematopoietic colony-stimulating growth factors (e.g. G-CSF, GM-CSF, M-CSF), thrombopoietin mimetics or ESAs anytime ≤ 2 weeks (or 5 half-lives, whichever is longer) prior to start of study treatment.
Systemic chronic corticosteroid therapy (>10 mg/day prednisone or equivalent) or any immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days of first dose of study treatment. Topical, inhaled, nasal and ophthalmic steroids are allowed.
For arms containing canakinumab: Patients with ANC < 500 /µL