Signed informed consent must be obtained prior to participation in the study
Age ≥ 18 years at the date of signing the informed consent form (ICF)
Morphologically confirmed diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) based on 2016 WHO classification (Arber et al, 2016) by local investigator assessment with one of the following Prognostic Risk Categories, based on the revised International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS-R) (Greenberg et al 2012):
Very high (> 6 points)
High (> 4.5-6 points)
Not immediately eligible for hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) or intensive chemotherapy at the time of screening due to individual clinical factors such as age, comorbidities and performance status, donor availability (de Witte et al 2017)
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0, 1 or 2
Prior exposure to TIM-3 directed therapy or any BCL-2 inhibitor (including venetoclax) at any time
Prior therapy with immune check point inhibitors (e.g. anti-CTLA4, anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2) or cancer vaccines is not allowed if the last dose of the drug was administered within 4 months prior to start of treatment
Previous first-line treatment for very high risk or high risk myelodysplastic syndromes (based on IPSS-R,Greenberg et al 2012 and Arber et al, 2016) with any antineoplastic agents, approved or investigational, including for example chemotherapy, lenalidomide and hypomethylating agents (HMAs) such as decitabine or azacitidine However, a one single cycle of HMAs treatment only started prior to enrollment is allowed.
Live vaccine administered within 30 days prior to start of treatment
Current use or use within 14 days prior to start of treatment of systemic steroid therapy (> 10 mg/day prednisone or equivalent) or any immunosuppressive therapy. Topical, inhaled, nasal, ophthalmic steroids are allowed. Replacement therapy, steroids given in the context of a transfusion, are allowed and not considered a form of systemic treatment
History of severe hypersensitivity reactions to any ingredient of study drug(s) (azacitidine, venetoclax or sabatolimab) or monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and/or their excipients
Participants with Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) based on 2016 WHO classification (Arber et al, 2016) with revised International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS-R) ≤ 4.5
Other protocol-defined Inclusion/Exclusion may apply.