Participants eligible for inclusion in this study must meet all of the following criteria:
Male or female patients ≥ 18 years of age.
Participants with CML-CP within 3 months of diagnosis.
Diagnosis of CML-CP (ELN 2020 criteria) with cytogenetic confirmation of Philadelphia chromosome
Documented chronic phase CML will meet all the below criteria (Hochhaus et al 2020):
< 15% blasts in peripheral blood and bone marrow,
< 30% blasts plus promyelocytes in peripheral blood and bone marrow,
< 20% basophils in the peripheral blood,
Platelet count ≥ 100 x 109/L (≥ 100,000/mm3),
No evidence of extramedullary leukemic involvement, with the exception of hepatosplenomegaly.
4. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0,or 1. 5. Adequate end organ function as defined by:
Total bilirubin < 3 x ULN; patients with Gilbert's syndrome may only be included if total bilirubin ≤ 3.0 x ULN or direct bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN
Creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥ 30 mL/min as calculated using Cockcroft-Gault formula,
Serum lipase ≤ 1.5 x ULN. For serum lipase > ULN - ≤ 1.5 x ULN, value must be considered not clinically significant and not associated with risk factors for acute pancreatitis 6. Participants must have the following laboratory values within normal limits or corrected to within normal limits with supplements prior to randomization:
Potassium (potassium increase of up to 6.0 mmol/L is acceptable if associated with CrCl* ≥ 90 mL/min)
Total calcium (corrected for serum albumin); (calcium increase of up to 12.5 mg/dl or 3.1 mmol/L is acceptable if associated with CrCl* ≥ 90 mL/min)
Magnesium (magnesium increase of up to 3.0 mg/dL or 1.23 mmol/L if associated with CrCl* ≥ 90 mL/min)
For patients with mild to moderate renal impairment (CrCl* ≥ 30 mL/min and <90 mL/min) - potassium, total calcium (corrected for serum albumin) and magnesium should be ≥ LLN or corrected to within normal limits with supplements prior to randomization.
*CrCl as calculated using Cockcroft-Gault formula 7. Ability to provide written informed consent prior to any study related screening procedures being performed.
8. Evidence of typical BCR-ABL1 transcript [e14a2 and/or e13a2] at the time of screening which is amenable to standardized Real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) quantification.
Previous treatment of CML with any other anticancer agents including chemotherapy and/or biologic agents or prior stem cell transplant, with the exception of hydroxyurea and/or anagrelide. Treatment with either imatinib, or nilotinib, or dasatinib or bosutinib for ≤2 weeks is allowed, but no other treatment with other tyrosine kinase inhibitors prior to randomization is permitted.
Known cytopathologically confirmed CNS infiltration (in absence of suspicion of CNS involvement, lumbar puncture not required).
Impaired cardiac function or cardiac repolarization abnormality including but not limited to any one of the following:
History within 6 months prior to starting study treatment of myocardial infarction (MI), angina pectoris, coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
Clinically significant cardiac arrhythmias (e.g., ventricular tachycardia), complete left bundle branch block, high-grade AV block (e.g., bifascicular block, Mobitz type II and third degree AV block)
QTc ≥ 450 ms (male patients), ≥460 ms (female patients) on the average of three serial baseline ECG (using the QTcF formula) as determined by central reading. If QTcF ≥ 450 ms and electrolytes are not within normal ranges, electrolytes should be corrected and then the patient re-screened for QTc.
Long QT syndrome, family history of idiopathic sudden death or congenital long QT syndrome, or any of the following:
Risk factors for Torsades de Pointes (TdP) including uncorrected hypokalemia or hypomagnesemia, history of cardiac failure, or history of clinically significant/symptomatic bradycardia
Concomitant medication(s) with a "Known risk of Torsades de Pointes" per www.crediblemeds.org/ that cannot be discontinued or replaced 7 days prior to starting study drug by safe alternative medication.•Inability to determine the QTcF interval
Severe and/or uncontrolled concurrent medical disease that in the opinion of the investigator could cause unacceptable safety risks or compromise compliance with the protocol (e.g. uncontrolled diabetes, active or uncontrolled infection; uncontrolled arterial or pulmonary hypertension, uncontrolled clinically significant hyperlipidemia). Please refer to Section 6.3.1
History of significant congenital or acquired bleeding disorder unrelated to cancer.
Major surgery within 4 weeks prior to study entry or who have not recovered from prior surgery.
History of other active malignancy within 3 years prior to study entry with the exception of previous or concomitant basal cell skin cancer and previous carcinoma in situ treated curatively
History of acute pancreatitis within 1 year prior to randomization or medical history of chronic pancreatitis.
History of chronic liver disease leading to severe hepatic impairment, or ongoing acute liver disease.
Other protocol-defined Inclusion/exclusion criteria will apply.